COURSE INTRODUCTION AND APPLICATION INFORMATION


Course Name
Health Law
Code
Semester
Theory
(hour/week)
Application/Lab
(hour/week)
Local Credits
ECTS
LAW 325
Fall/Spring
3
0
3
5
Prerequisites
None
Course Language
English
Course Type
Elective
Course Level
First Cycle
Mode of Delivery -
Teaching Methods and Techniques of the Course
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Assistant(s)
Course Objectives The aim of this course is to examine the duties and responsibilities of State and the health professionals and special cases in practice within the scope of right to health as a basic social right.
Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Define right to health within the scope of the right to live, and duties of social state to provide it
  • Describe the regulations about health within the international and national sources besides Constitution comparatively,
  • Examine patients’ rights as a part of the right to health in relation with ethics(deontology) of medical professionals
  • Explain the rights and obligations of the patient and the physican arising from contract of healthcare(treatment)
  • Discuss about the importance of the informed consent and confidentiality obligation
  • Define legal and criminal responsibilities of physician and private or public healthcare institutions, within the frame of administrative responsibility
  • Discuss about the conditions for medical intervention and rules for special medical interventions like medical research, transplantation of organ and tissues and prevention of medical reports in relation with the right to integrity of the person.
Course Description The subject matter of this course is to examine the right to health within the scope of the duties of the social state, and the rights of patients and responsibilities of the healthcare professional and institutions about medical intervention in relation with the healthcare contract.

 



Course Category

Core Courses
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

 

WEEKLY SUBJECTS AND RELATED PREPARATION STUDIES

Week Subjects Required Materials
1 Social State and “Right to Health” Nobile, M. (2014) The WHO Definition of Health: A Critical Reading. Medicine and Law, 33(2): 33-40. https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/mlv33&id=124&men_tab=srchresults# Moran, M. 2000. Understanding the Welfare State: The Case of Health Care. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 2(2): 135-160. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/1467-856X.00031 Friedmann, Sarah. 2004. The Right to Health. Human Rights & Human Welfare, 4(1): https://www.du.edu/korbel/hrhw/researchdigest/health/right.pdf Arenas Catalán, E. 2021. The right to health as a social right. The Human Right to Health. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 60- 100. https://www.elgaronline.com/view/9781788979641.00011.xml Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights & World Health Organization. 2008. The Right to Health, Fact Sheet No. 31. https://www.ohchr.org/documents/publications/factsheet31.pdf
2 Historical background of Healthcare, Law and Ethics EIDE,A. (2000), "Economic and Social Rights"pp.109-1174.https://www.corteidh.or.cr/tablas/r28245.pdf, ÇAMUR GÖZLER, E.(2017)Civil and Political Rights vs. Social and Economic Rights: A Brief Overview,Journal of Bitlis Eren University, v:6, No.1, pp.205-214. Civil and Political Rights vs. Social and Economic Rights: A Brief Overview Elif GÖZLER ÇAMUR GOSTIN, L.O.(2014) "Health and Human Rights"(Chapter 8), Global Health Law, Harvard University Press, London. , pp.243-270 Majumdar, S.K. 2003. History of Evolution of the Concept of Medical Ethics. Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine, 33(1): 17-31. http://www.ccras.nic.in/sites/default/files/viewpdf/jimh/BIIHM_2003/17%20to%2031.pdf Govind, A. 2013. A Short History of the Current Approach to Ethical Health Care. https://synapse.ucsf.edu/articles/2013/11/07/short-history-current-approach-ethical-health-care Verma, D. 2020. A Brief History of Healthcare. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/brief-history-healthcare-divya-verma
3 Healthcare Ethics Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list/-/conventions/treaty/164. Additional Protocol to the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine concerning biomedical research (https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2011/06/20110611M1-4-1.pdf)(https://www.titck.gov.tr/faaliyetalanlari/ilac/klinik-arastirmalar) Nuket Ornek Buken; Erhan Buken, “The Legal and Ethical Aspects of Medical Malpractice in Turkey”, 10 Eur. J.Health L. 201 (2003), pp.201-213 (heinonline) Seedhouse, D. 2008. Ethics is the Key. Ethics: The Heart of Healthcare. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 16-27. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/izmir/reader.action?docID=406494&ppg=78 Chuan, V.T., Huxtable, R., & Peart, N. (Eds.). 2018. Healthcare Ethics, Law and Professionalism: Essays on the Works of Alastair V. Campbell. London: Routledge. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/edit/10.4324/9781315162874/healthcare-ethics-law-professionalism-voo-teck-chuan-richard-huxtable-nicola-peart
4 Legal Responsibilities of Healthcare Professionals/Medial Doctors(1) Medical Ethics Manual, World Medical Association. https://www.wma.net/what-we-do/education/medical-ethics-manual/.Riis, P. 1996. Medical Negligence. World Health Forum, 17(3): 215-218. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/53943/WHF_1996_17%283%29_p215-239.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Tort Law: The Rules of Medical Malpractice https://lawshelf.com/shortvideoscontentview/tort-law-the-rules-of-medical-malpractice
5 Legal Responsibilities of Healthcare Professionals/Medial Doctors(2) Şenel Eraslan B, Karadayı B, Çakı İE, Aslan N, Varlık Tokgözoğlu E, Kılıç Ç, et al. Legal and ethical responsibilities of physicians in coercive situations, such as natural disasters. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018;24:440-444. https://eds.a.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&sid=b168e0d9-b973-4560-ab7a-55f96602c042%40sessionmgr4006 J. D. Finc, Legal Obligations and Responsibilities of The Medical Practitioner, Br. J. Anaesth. (1987), 59, 870-876 Aimakhu, C.O. 2015. An Insight into Medical Malpractice and Litigation. Tropical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 32(1): 150-154. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tjog/article/view/118196
6 Medical Malpractice in Turkish Civil Law and Criminal Law Durmuş, V. “A Broad Overview Of Medical Malpractice Liability Policy In Turkey”. http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/ijhmt/ Int Journal Of Health Manag. And Tourism 2017, 2(2), 1-18 Karakus Yilmaz, B., Topcu, H. & Acar, Y.A. 2017. Assessment of Legal Obligations of Physicians from Emergency Physician Perspective. The Medical Bulletin of Sisli Etfal Hospital, 51(2): 142-148. https://jag.journalagent.com/sislietfaltip/pdfs/SETB_51_2_142_148%5bA%5d.pdf
7 Legal Practice (1) YILMAZ, H. (2016)«Realizing Social and Economic Rights; The Example of Judicial Attidutes Towards the Rationing of Healthcare in Turkey», HFD, 6(1), 2016;47-62. http://www.hukukdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/dergi/C6S1makale2.pdf
8 Legal Practice(2) Gecekusu v. Turkey. European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) Decision. https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/tur#{%22fulltext%22:[%22gecekusu%20v.turkey%22],%22itemid%22:[%22001-99335%22]}. Case of Vo V. France. ECHR, https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/tur#{%22fulltext%22:[%22Vo.V%20France%22],%22itemid%22:[%22001-61887%22]}.
9 Midterm
10 Patients’ Rights and Responsibilities World Health Organization, Patients’ Rights, http://www.who.int/genomics/public/patientrights/en/. E.Aydın, “Rights of patients in developing countries: the case of Turkey”, Journal of Medical Ethics, V.30,Issue.6, 2004 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jme.2003.005819, https://jme.bmj.com/content/medethics/30/6/555.full.pdf Scowen, P. 2006. Patients’ rights and responsibilities. The Bulletin of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 88(5): 152-154. Access link: https://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/doi/pdf/10.1308/147363506X107953
11 Informed consent, confidentiality Bryan, D.S., Sade, R.M. 2018. Delegation of Informed Consent: Law and Ethics. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 106(3): 651-653. https://www.clinicalkey.com/service/content/pdf/watermarked/1-s2.0-S000349751830746X.pdf?locale=en_US&searchIndex= Cocanour, C.S. 2017. Informed consent – It’s more than a signature on a piece of paper. The American Journal of Surgery, 214(6): 993-997. https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S0002961017307201?token=B3E1010D91EBFDD7375AA415278C4D7876F4E0CAB11E44FFB37FC419A6007022A0346B04A333D71631C2E3C555DD0B18&originRegion=eu-west-1&originCreation=20211110101835 Mikhedenko, A. 2017. The Council of Europe’s perspective: Principle of free and informed consent in the Oviedo Convention. Free and informed consent as a core principle of the protection of human rights in the field of biomedicine, pp. 6-10. Access link: https://rm.coe.int/proceedings-minsk-8-dec-2017-e/16807b4e41 Kottow, M.H. 1986. Medical confidentiality: an intransigent and absolute obligation. Journal of Medical Ethics, 12: 117-122. https://jme.bmj.com/content/medethics/12/3/117.full.pdf Bramley, S. 2000. Medical records and the law. BJU International, 86(3): 286-290. https://bjui-journals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1046/j.1464-410x.2000.00294.x Cases and precedents from Turkish legal practice.(Lexpera and Kazanci Court Decision Banks).
12 The conditions for medical intervention and right to integrity of the person Koru, O. 2021. The Legality of Medical Intervention: Indication Requirement. Inonu University Law Review, 12(2): 491-500. See “Extended Summary”. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/1646470 Rodley, N.S. Integrity of the Person. International Human Rights Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, see 174-182. https://books.google.com.tr/books?hl=tr&lr=&id=YkcXAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA174&dq=%22right+to+integrity+of+the+person&ots=s8pxCcXFko&sig=P_bOvLycpcXd3kXECkR4mNpRhc4&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22right%20to%20integrity%20of%20the%20person&f=false Cases and precedents from Turkish legal practice.(Lexpera and Kazanci Court Decision Banks)
13 Medical research Guraya SY, London N, Guraya SS. Ethics in medical research. J Microsc Ultrastruct [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Nov 10];2:121-6. Available from: https://www.jmau.org/text.asp?2014/2/3/121/224876,
14 Transplantation of organ and tissues Bollen, J.A.M. vd. 2019. Euthanasia through living organ donation: Ethical, legal, and medical challenges. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 38(2): 111-113. https://www.clinicalkey.com/service/content/pdf/watermarked/1-s2.0-S1053249818315663.pdf?locale=en_US&searchIndex=
15 Abortion and sterilization Sevinj Jabrayilova-Sh.”Cross-Cutting Issues on The Right To Life in The Context of Law”. Hacettepe HFD, 5(2) 2015, 117–138. http://www.hukukdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/dergi/C5S2makale5.pdf Mitra, A. 2017. We’re Always Going to Argue about Abortion: International Law’s Changing Attitudes towards Abortion. New Zealand Women’s Law Journal, 1: 142-181. https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/nzwomlj1&id=148&collection=peggy&index=
16 Final Exam
Course Notes/Textbooks

 

 

Suggested Readings/Materials

EIDE,A. (2000), "Economic and Social Rights"pp.109-1174.https://www.corteidh.or.cr/tablas/r28245.pdf,

ÇAMUR GÖZLER, E.(2017)Civil and Political Rights vs. Social and Economic Rights: A Brief Overview,Journal of Bitlis Eren University, v:6, No.1, pp.205-214. Civil and Political Rights vs. Social and Economic Rights: A Brief Overview Elif GÖZLER ÇAMUR

GOSTIN, L.O.(2014) "Health and Human Rights"(Chapter 8), Global Health Law, Harvard University Press, London. , pp.243-270

Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine

https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list/-/conventions/treaty/164. Additional Protocol to the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine concerning biomedical research (https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2011/06/20110611M1-4-1.pdf)(https://www.titck.gov.tr/faaliyetalanlari/ilac/klinik-arastirmalar)

Nuket Ornek Buken; Erhan Buken, “The Legal and Ethical Aspects of Medical Malpractice in Turkey”, 10 Eur. J.Health L. 201 (2003), pp.201-213 (heinonline)

Medical Ethics Manual, World Medical Association. https://www.wma.net/what-we-do/education/medical-ethics-manual/.

Şenel Eraslan B, Karadayı B, Çakı İE, Aslan N, Varlık Tokgözoğlu E, Kılıç Ç, et al. Legal and ethical responsibilities of physicians in coercive situations, such as natural disasters. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018;24:440-444.  https://eds.a.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&sid=b168e0d9-b973-4560-ab7a-55f96602c042%40sessionmgr4006 J. D. Finc, Legal Obligations and Responsibilities of The Medical Practitioner, Br. J. Anaesth. (1987), 59, 870-876

Durmuş, V. “A Broad Overview Of Medical Malpractice Liability Policy In Turkey”. http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/ijhmt/ Int Journal Of Health Manag. And Tourism 2017, 2(2), 1-18

YILMAZ, H. (2016)«Realizing Social and Economic Rights; The Example of Judicial Attidutes Towards the Rationing of Healthcare in Turkey», HFD, 6(1), 2016;47-62.

http://www.hukukdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/dergi/C6S1makale2.pdf

Gecekusu v. Turkey. European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) Decision. https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/tur#{%22fulltext%22:[%22gecekusu%20v.turkey%22],%22itemid%22:[%22001-99335%22]}. Case of Vo V. France. ECHR, https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/tur#{%22fulltext%22:[%22Vo.V%20France%22],%22itemid%22:[%22001-61887%22]}.

World Health Organization, Patients’ Rights, http://www.who.int/genomics/public/patientrights/en/. E.Aydın, “Rights of patients in developing countries: the case of Turkey”, Journal of Medical Ethics, V.30,Issue.6, 2004 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jme.2003.005819, https://jme.bmj.com/content/medethics/30/6/555.full.pdf

Sevinj Jabrayilova-Sh.”Cross-Cutting Issues on The Right To Life in The Context of Law”. Hacettepe HFD, 5(2) 2015, 117–138. http://www.hukukdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/dergi/C5S2makale5.pdf

Nobile, M. (2014) The WHO Definition of Health: A Critical Reading. Medicine and Law, 33(2): 33-40. https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/mlv33&id=124&men_tab=srchresults#

Moran, M. 2000. Understanding the Welfare State: The Case of Health Care. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 2(2): 135-160.  https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/1467-856X.00031

Friedmann, Sarah. 2004. The Right to Health. Human Rights & Human Welfare, 4(1): https://www.du.edu/korbel/hrhw/researchdigest/health/right.pdf

Arenas Catalán, E. 2021. The right to health as a social right. The Human Right to Health. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 60- 100.

https://www.elgaronline.com/view/9781788979641.00011.xml

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights & World Health Organization. 2008. The Right to Health, Fact Sheet No. 31.

https://www.ohchr.org/documents/publications/factsheet31.pdf

GOSTIN, L.O.(2014) "Health and Human Rights"(Chapter 8), Global Health Law, Harvard University Press, London. , pp.243-270

Majumdar, S.K. 2003. History of Evolution of the Concept of Medical Ethics. Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine, 33(1): 17-31. http://www.ccras.nic.in/sites/default/files/viewpdf/jimh/BIIHM_2003/17%20to%2031.pdf  Govind, A. 2013. A Short History of the Current Approach to Ethical Health Care. 

https://synapse.ucsf.edu/articles/2013/11/07/short-history-current-approach-ethical-health-care

Verma, D. 2020. A Brief History of Healthcare.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/brief-history-healthcare-divya-verma

Medical Negligence. World Health Forum, 17(3): 215-218. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/53943/WHF_1996_17%283%29_p215-239.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Tort Law: The Rules of Medical Malpractice https://lawshelf.com/shortvideoscontentview/tort-law-the-rules-of-medical-malpractice  

Aimakhu, C.O. 2015. An Insight into Medical Malpractice and Litigation. Tropical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 32(1): 150-154.

https://www.ajol.info/index.php/tjog/article/view/118196

Oral, T. 2011. The Definition of Legal Relationship Between a Patient and Physician. Ankara Bar Review, 1: 21-32.

http://www.ankarabarosu.org.tr/siteler/AnkaraBarReview/tekmakale/2011-1/2.pdf  Lieber, S.R., Kim, S.Y. & Volk, M.L. 2011. Power and Control: Contracts and the Patient-Physician Relationship. The International Journal of Clinical Practice, 65(12): 1214-1217. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02762.x

Karakus Yilmaz, B., Topcu, H. & Acar, Y.A. 2017. Assessment of Legal Obligations of Physicians from Emergency Physician Perspective. The Medical Bulletin of Sisli Etfal Hospital, 51(2): 142-148.

https://jag.journalagent.com/sislietfaltip/pdfs/SETB_51_2_142_148%5bA%5d.pdf

Bryan, D.S., Sade, R.M. 2018. Delegation of Informed Consent: Law and Ethics. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 106(3): 651-653.

https://www.clinicalkey.com/service/content/pdf/watermarked/1-s2.0-S000349751830746X.pdf?locale=en_US&searchIndex=

Cocanour, C.S. 2017. Informed consent – It’s more than a signature on a piece of paper. The American Journal of Surgery, 214(6): 993-997.

https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S0002961017307201?token=B3E1010D91EBFDD7375AA415278C4D7876F4E0CAB11E44FFB37FC419A6007022A0346B04A333D71631C2E3C555DD0B18&originRegion=eu-west-1&originCreation=20211110101835

Mikhedenko, A. 2017. The Council of Europe’s perspective: Principle of free and informed consent in the Oviedo Convention. Free and informed consent as a core principle of the protection of human rights in the field of biomedicine, pp. 6-10: https://rm.coe.int/proceedings-minsk-8-dec-2017-e/16807b4e41 ,

Bollen, J.A.M. vd. 2019. Euthanasia through living organ donation: Ethical, legal, and medical challenges. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, 38(2): 111-113.

https://www.clinicalkey.com/service/content/pdf/watermarked/1-s2.0-S1053249818315663.pdf?locale=en_US&searchIndex=

Mitra, A. 2017. We’re Always Going to Argue about Abortion: International Law’s Changing Attitudes towards Abortion. New Zealand Women’s Law Journal, 1: 142-181.

https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/nzwomlj1&id=148&collection=peggy&index=

Koru, O. 2021. The Legality of Medical Intervention: Indication Requirement. Inonu University Law Review, 12(2): 491-500. See “Extended Summary”.

Access link: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/1646470

 Rodley, N.S. Integrity of the Person. International Human Rights Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, see 174-182.

Access link:

https://books.google.com.tr/books?hl=tr&lr=&id=YkcXAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA174&dq=%22right+to+integrity+of+the+person&ots=s8pxCcXFko&sig=P_bOvLycpcXd3kXECkR4mNpRhc4&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22right%20to%20integrity%20of%20the%20person&f=false

Cases and precedents from Turkish legal practice.(Lexpera and Kazanci Court Decision Banks

 

EVALUATION SYSTEM

Semester Activities Number Weigthing
Participation
Laboratory / Application
Field Work
Quizzes / Studio Critiques
2
20
Portfolio
Homework / Assignments
Presentation / Jury
Project
Seminar / Workshop
Oral Exam
Midterm
1
30
Final Exam
1
50
Total

Weighting of Semester Activities on the Final Grade
50
Weighting of End-of-Semester Activities on the Final Grade
50
Total

ECTS / WORKLOAD TABLE

Semester Activities Number Duration (Hours) Workload
Course Hours
(Including exam week: 16 x total hours)
16
3
48
Laboratory / Application Hours
(Including exam week: 16 x total hours)
16
Study Hours Out of Class
16
3
48
Field Work
Quizzes / Studio Critiques
2
5
Portfolio
Homework / Assignments
Presentation / Jury
Project
Seminar / Workshop
Oral Exam
Midterms
1
10
Final Exams
1
20
    Total
136

 

COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES AND PROGRAM QUALIFICATIONS RELATIONSHIP

#
Program Competencies/Outcomes
* Contribution Level
1
2
3
4
5
1

To be able to possess the knowledge in legal terminology, concepts and principles.

X
2

To be able to solve the legal problems with an analytic and integral point of view.

X
3

To be able to evaluate the legal knowledge and abilities obtained with a critical approach.

X
4

To be able to evaluate the developments in legal theory and practice by monitoring local, international and interdisciplinary dimensions.

X
5

To be able to have awareness of social, professional and scientific principles of ethic behaviour.

X
6

To be able to take responsibility in solving problems by creative and innovative thinking.

X
7

To be able to interpret the legal norms with a sense of justice respectful to human rights and in the light of principles of democratic, secular and social state of law.

X
8

Working efficiently and effectively, learning how to be a team member, taking responsibilities, being open minded, constructive, open to criticism and having self confidence

X
9

To be able to use the daily scientific sources and court judgments in the framework of life time learning approach.

X
10

To be able to inform the related persons and institutions about legal matters both verbally and in written.

X
11

To be able to monitor the daily legal information/court decisions and interacts with the colleagues in a foreign language (“European Language Portfolio Global Scale” Level B1) .

X
12

To be able to use the information and communication technology together with the computer programs in a level required by the area of law (“European Computer Driving Licence, Advanced Level”).

X

*1 Lowest, 2 Low, 3 Average, 4 High, 5 Highest